英语简单句的五种基本句型典型例句

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-06-09 00:12更新  浏览

一、句型1: Subject (主语) + Verb (谓语) (谓语为不及物动词)

The red sun rises in the east.
红彤彤的太阳从东方升起来。

Lucy and Mary get up early every morning.
露西和玛丽每天早上很早就起床。

His parents have worked in the company for ten years.
他的父母在这家公司工作十年了。

What he said does not matter.
他说的话不重要。

They had to travel by boat.
他们不得不乘船旅行。

二、句型2:Subject (主语) + Link. V(系动词) + Predicate(表语)

Our English teacher is thirty years old.
我们的英语老师30岁了。

The cake tastes delicious.
这个蛋糕吃起来很可口。

The potatoes went bad in the field.
土豆在地里就坏了。

They seemed very happy together.
他们在一起好像很幸福。

It gets colder and colder.
天气越来越冷了。

The leaves have turned yellow. 
树叶已经变黄了。

三、句型3:Subject(主语) + Verb (谓语)(谓语为及物动词) + Object (宾语)

He put the dictionary in the backpack.
他把词典放进了背包里。

I saw her just now and she was doing her homework in the classroom.
我刚才看到她了,她正在教室做作业。

They haven’t decided when and where to hold the party.
他们还没有决定什么时候、在哪儿举办这次聚会。

She stopped teaching English two years ago.
她两年前就不教英语了。

Do you know when he left for Beijing?
你知道他什么时候去的北京吗?

Mother promised to give me a present.
母亲答应要给我一件礼物。

Would you mind opening the window?
打开窗户你介意吗?

注意:跟不定式to do 作宾语的动词有:

打算(intend)计划(plan)和期盼(expect) 假装(pretend)喜欢(would like)表祝愿(wish)

决定(decide)同意(agree)设法(manage)说服(persuade)不拒绝(refuse)

好像(seem/appear)答应(promise)做努力(attempt)失败(fail)也付得起(afford)

注意:常要求接“疑问词+不定式”作宾语的动词有ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, find out, forget, guess, know, learn, remember, tell, think, understand, wonder等。

注意:只接动词的-ing形式而不接不定式作宾语的动词有

  admit 承认  appreciate 感激  avoid 避免  consider 考虑

  delay 耽搁  dislike 嫌恶  enjoy 喜欢  escape 避免  excuse 原谅

  fancy 想不到  feel like 意欲  finish 完成  forgive 原谅  give up 放弃

  cannot help 情不自禁  imagine 设想  include 包括  keep 保持

  mention 提及  mind 介意  miss 逃过  put off 推迟  practice 练习

  resist 抵制  risk 冒险

四、句型4: Subject(主语)+Verb(谓语)+ Indirect object(间接宾语)+Direct object (直接宾语)

Mr.Smith taught us English last year.
史密斯先生去年教我们英语。

Grandma told me an interesting story last night.
奶奶昨晚给我讲了一个有趣的故事。

Would you please pass me that dictionary?
=Would you please pass that dictionary to me?
请你把那本词典递给我好吗?

He bought his mother a new sweater with his first month’s salary.
=He bought a new sweater for his mother with his first month’s salary.
他用第一个月的工资给母亲买了一件新毛衣。

注意:主语+谓语+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物)。如果把表示物的直接宾语放在表示人的间接宾语前,需要借助于介词to或for。to表示:朝着,向着,对着;for表示:为(某人),替(某人)。

需要借助介词to的动词有:bring,give,lend,hand,offer,pass,promise,return,send,show,teach,tell,write等。

需要借助介词for的动词有:bring,buy,cook,find,get,make,order,save,spare等。

五、句型5: Subject(主语)+Verb (动词)+Object (宾语)+Complement(补语)

If you let me go. I’ll make you king. (名词作宾补)

Leave the door open. (形容词作宾补)

We found Li Ming out when we arrived. (副词作宾补)

Make yourself at home. (介词短语作宾补)

I saw a stranger enter the building. (不定式作宾补)

The boss kept them working all day. (现在分词作宾补)

Yesterday he had his leg broken. (过去分词作宾补)

 

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