动名词的用法英语四级(CET-4)真题解析

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-07-23 17:52更新  浏览

动名词的用法英语四级(CET-4)真题解析

动名词在句中起名词的作用,可以充当主语、表语、宾语(动词宾语或介词宾语)。它可以有自己的定语、宾语或状语。

1)动名词作主语

Seeing is believing. Talking mends no holes. Taking a cold shower every morning does him a lot good.____in an atmosphere of simply living was what her parents wished for. (CET-4 1999,1)

A) The girl to be educated
B) The girl educated
C) The girl's being educated
D) The girl was educated

解析:动名词和不定式都可以做主语。不定式做主语表示具体的动作,动名词做主语则可以表示抽象或一般性的动作或情况。根据句意,这个女孩在朴素的生活环境中接受教育是她的父母所希望的,接受教育不是具体的一次性动作,因此用动名词,答案为C。当动名词做主语时,我们常用先行词it作形式主语,而把真正的主语动名词放到句尾,特别要注意如下结构:It is useless (no use, no good, no harm) doing... It is a waste of time doing... It is worthwhile doing...,例如:

It is no use crying over spilt milk. It is a waste of time discussing such matters with him. It is no good leaving today's work for tomorrow.

 2)动名词作动词宾语

动名词作动词宾语是大学英语四级考试的重要内容。

 a)英语中有些动词后面只能跟动名词作它的宾语。这类动词常见的有:admit, advice, anticipate, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay,deny,dislike, enjoy,escape,excuse, fancy,favor, finish,imagine,include , keep, mind,miss, postpone, practice,prevent , propose, resist, risk, suggest等。例如:

Mike often attempts to escape being fined whenever he breaks traffic regulations. The doctor suggested that I avoid smoking and drinking for a month. Would you mind opening the window? The murderer denied killing the rich man. I would appreciate ____it a secret. (CET-4 1995,6)

A) your keeping    B) you to keep
C) that you keep    D) that you will keep

解析:appreciate后面一般加动名词做宾语,动名词可以有自己的逻辑主语,因此答案为A。

That young guy still denies____the fire behind the store. (CET-4 2000,12)

A) to start     B)having started
C) start     D) to have started

解析:Deny后面加动名词作宾语,而且引发火灾是在否认这一动做之前,所以用动名词的完成式,答案为B。

b)动名词在demand, deserve, need, require, want等动词后面作宾语时,表示被动的意思。例如:

My shoes need mending. The following language points deserve mentioning. This matter demands discussing. Your hair wants ____. You had better have it done now. (CET-4 1997, 1)

A) cut    B) to cut
C) cutting    D) being cut

解析:Want, need, require等动词后经常加动名词做宾语,表示被动的意思,故答案为C。

c)有些短语动词和结构后面也要求跟动名词作宾语。这样的短语动词常见的有:feel like,give up,go on,object/objection to,put off,keep on,insist on,leave off,look forward to,think of, can't help, be/get used to, spend...in , have difficulty in, have trouble/a hard time in, there be no need, confess to等。例如:

Do you feel like going out for dinner with me tonight? Chinese people are looking forward to holding the 27th Olympic games. I am used to going to bed late and getting up late. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used ____late for his lecture. (CET-4 1998,1)

A) to have students     B) for students' being   
C) for students to be    D) to students' being

解析:be/get used to doing表示习惯于干什么,是固定用法,因此答案为D。

I have no objection____ your story again. (CET-4 2000,6)

A) to hear     B) to hearing
C) to having heard     D) to have heard

解析:object/objection to doing是固定用法,因此A和D可以排除。动名词的完成式表示其动作发生在谓语动词的动作之前,而句中听的动作还没有进行,因此用动名词的一般式,答案为B。

d)有些动词既可以加动名词,又可以加不定式,两者在意义上有差别。这些动词有:forget, like, remember, regret, try等。forget to do:忘记去做某事,还没有做。例如:

Don't forget to take an umbrella when you go out.

forget doing:忘了做过某事。

例题:

I'll never forget ____you for the first time. (CET-4 2000,12)

A) to meet    B) to have met
C) meeting    D)having to be meeting

解析:forget to do表示忘记去做某事,还没有做。forget doing表示忘了做过某事。根据句意:我永远不会忘记第一次遇到你,遇到的动作已经发生,应选择动名词,答案为C. remember to do:记住去做某事,还没有做。

 I will remember to write to you often. If I had remembered ____the window, the thief would not have got in.(CET-4 1996,1)

A) to close     B) closing
C) to have closed     D)having closed

解析:remember to do表示记得要做某事,还没有做。根据句意,如果我记得去关窗户,小偷就不会进来,窗户很明显没有关,所以用不定式,答案为A。r

emember doing:记得做过某事。例如:

I remembered putting my wallet in the bag, but I could not find it.

regret to do:遗憾做某事,经常用:regret to say。例如:

I regret to say that I can't accept your invitation.

regret doing:后悔做过某事。例如:

I regret notshavingstaken your advice.

try to do:尽力做某事。例如:

One should try to do everything well.

try doing:试着做某事。例如:

I tried cooking, but I failed.

3)动名词作介词宾语

动名词作介词宾语,并且和介词构成介词短语。例如:

She left without saying anything to us.Man's dream of landing on the moon came true in1968.I am afraid of being punished by the teacher.Ann never dreams of ____for her to be sent abroad very soon.(CET-4 1998,6)

A) there being a chance     B) there to be
C) there be a chance     D) being a chance

解析:of为介词,后面接动名词做宾语,因此B和C都可以排除。另外,根据句意:安妮从来没有梦想过她有一个很快被送出国的机会,介词后面含有“有”的意思,用there be结构表达,故正确答案为A.

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