动名词作定语的用法讲解及例句造句

来源于未知   雪域流沙发布   2020-07-28 19:15更新  浏览

动名词作定语的用法讲解

动名词作定语往往表示被修饰词的某种用途。如:

a walking stick =a stick for walking=a stick which is used for walking
a washing machine=a machine for washing=a machine which is used for washing
a reading room=a room for reading=a room which is used for reading
a measuring tape=a tape for measuring=a tape which is used for measuring
sleeping pills=pills for sleeping=pills which is used for sleeping

动名词作定语时,在句子中通常有两个位置:如果是单个的动名词作定语,常放在被修饰的名词前面作前置定语;如果是动名词短语作定语,则放在被修饰名词的后面,作后置定语。

1.动名词作定语,说明被修饰词的性质、特征或用途。如:

He may be in the reading room.
他可能在阅览室里。

They set up an operating table.
他们搭起一个手术台。

2.动名词作定语,表示其与被修饰词之间为主动关系,并且表示动作正在进行。如:

There are about 200 students studying in this school.
大约有200个学生在这个学校学习。

Who is the woman talking to our English teacher?
正在和我们英语老师谈话的那个女人是谁?

3.有些动名词已经转化成了形容词,常用作定语修饰物,表示“令人……”:exciting, shocking, puzzling, confusing, disappointing, discouraging, boring, tiring, moving, touching, interesting, satisfying, frightening, amazing等。如:

That must be a terrifying experience.
那肯定是一次可怕的经历。

The experiment was an amazing success.
那实验是一个惊人的成功。

注意:如果动名词与被修饰词之间是被动关系,就要用它的被动式being done,通常表示正在被做,常作后置定语。如:

The tall building being built now is our new school.
正在被修建的那建筑是我们的新学校。

That question being discussed was presented by the headmaster.
正在被讨论的那个问题是校长提出来的。

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